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By now you have probably heard of the FAA Automatic Dependent Surveillance –Broadcast (ADS-B) and the requirement for most aircraft operating in most controlled and specified airspace in the U.S. by January 1, 2020.
What is ADS-B?
ADS-B is a comprehensive satellite-based traffic surveillance that provides a safer National Airspace System (NAS). Currently all aircraft flying in controlled airspace are required to have a minimum of a transponder with Mode A (position) and Mode C (pressure altitude/encoder reporting) equipment installed in the aircraft. While some aircraft have Mode S, they may not have the ES (Extended Squitter) capability that transmits more information about the aircraft and its position. Furthermore, ADS-B Out devices integrate with the aircrafts Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) Global Positioning System (GPS) or Flight Management System (GPS) and transmits data about the flight that includes aircraft type, velocity and geometric altitude to Air Traffic Control (ATC) and other aircraft capable of receiving ADS-B In.
What are the benefits of ADS-B?
There are many benefits for both ATC and Pilots. ADS-B Out will allow ATC more efficient spacing on Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) routes enhancing safety in areas where radar coverage is not currently available and provide transmission rates of once every second. In addition, ADS-B ground stations are cheaper to install and operate versus primary and secondary radar systems. The benefits to aircraft owners include; greater safety to those aircraft that do not have costly active traffic systems such as Traffic Advisory System (TAS), Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance System with Resolution Advisories (TCAS II). Additional benefits include; subscription free FIS-B broadcast ADS-B Out generated traffic and aviation weather information to aircraft equipped with non-required ADS-B-In equipment (Universal Access Transceiver (UAT)).
What are the existing or additional system requirements for ADS-B compliance?
In addition to ADS-B Out equipment requirements, aircraft will need a WAAS GPS or other compliant navigator either (panel-mounted), stand alone or integral to the ADS-B system. Some aircraft currently have this advanced form of navigation, however, most aircraft do not. In addition, the operator’s normal flight operations will dictate what equipment the aircraft will require. Aircraft operating in Class A airspace defined from 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL) to and including Flight Level 600 will require using equipment broadcasting ADS-B (Mode S 1090ES ADS-B Out). Aircraft operating in designated airspace exclusively below 18,000 feet MSL can use either 1090ES or a Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) equipment.
Typically small aircraft equipped with WAAS need to budget $3,500.00 for equipment and materials only, however, typical cost for larger aircraft without WAAS equipment, can start around $12,000. The installed price varies and greatly depends on the existing aircraft equipment. Some aircraft only need an ES upgrade to their transponder with few configuration changes while others require complete upgrades which can be costly. Every aircraft is equipped differently, therefore, plan accordingly and let us help you determine the right ADS-B equipment for your operation and budget.
How can RizoJet help?
We will work directly with customers and evaluate the aircraft's current equipment list, instrument panel and remote avionics pictures and provide a quote with multiple solutions based on your operational requirements or specific needs.
Don’t defer, hoping that newer technology will be available bringing costs down or plan on the FAA deferring the mandate! The ADS-B mandate will happen and most avionics shops schedules' will be booked.
Call or email RizoJet for a detailed quote.